Servers and residents in the Iriri Forest region The Regulariza Pará Program started the first stage of the Sustainable Landscapes of the Amazon Project in the Iriri State Forest (Flota) Conservation Unit (CU), in the municipality of Altamira, in southwest Pará. The expedition lasted two weeks and was carried out in an integrated manner by teams from the Pará State Secretariat for the Environment and Sustainability (Semas), the Pará State Institute for Forestry Development and Biodiversity (Ideflor-Bio) and the Paraense Museum Emílio Goeldi (Mpeg).
The action is part of the project’s strategy to support the implementation of programs to promote conservation, recovery and sustainable use of Amazonian ecosystems. The objective is to strengthen public policies, plans and actions aimed at the protection and recovery of native vegetation and forest management.
The main objective of this first incursion was to start the forest inventory and carry out an environmental diagnosis of the Iriri State Forest to identify areas that have the potential to implement the collection of seeds, forest species, leaves and fruits. A socioeconomic diagnosis was also applied to the local population.
The expedition began on March 14, when teams from Belém and São Félix do Xingu moved to Altamira. The ascent of the Xingu, Iriri and Curuá rivers lasted approximately five days by boat until arriving at the Flota do Iriri, where they remained in contact with the local population.
Located south of Altamira and with an area of 440,493.00 hectares, the Flota do Iriri is a State Conservation Unit (UC), managed by Ideflor-Bio and part of the Mosaic of protected areas of Terra do Meio, consisting of federal and state, in addition to indigenous lands in the Xingu region. It is categorized as a sustainable use UC and the use of its forest and environmental resources must be compatible with the maintenance of its biodiversity.
The incursion was the first opportunity for direct contact with riverside or bordering families, who live on the banks of the Curuá River. The team’s work consisted of the socioeconomic diagnosis of those families and the identification of possible potential for income generation in the region. In this contact, the proposal to implement a Seed Collection Area (ACS) was presented to the local population, focusing on reforestation and the development of the extractive chain in the region.
In the interviews, the community highlighted Pará nut, cocoa, native açaí, fishing, and handicrafts made from the fibers of the cipó-titica and ambé, used in the manufacture of articles used daily by the population, as possible economic potentialities of the region. The development of projects to support local production will be discussed in partnership with the agencies involved to improve the quality of life of the local population.
For Flota’s leaders and residents, this first visit represents a perspective of encouragement to the difficulties faced in a remote area, mainly in relation to the flow of forest or agricultural products, due to the high cost of transport. Another difficulty that the local population faces is the presence of middlemen, who usually buy the production of the bordering families at a much lower cost than the market for later resale.
Local residents such as Roberto dos Santos, mr. “Bebé”, who has already traveled the Amazon with the jamanxim (basket made of lianas) on her back in search of sustenance for her family, some solutions include Fishing Agreements and the production of handicrafts with the titica and ambé vines. For Vânio da Silva, Mr. “Pacu”, the possibility of a profitable production all year round, with cyclical agroforestry crops, is a good possibility to obtain income. Both are the oldest residents of Flota do Iriri, being considered and respected as local leaders.
According to the deputy secretary for Environmental Management and Regularity at Semas, Rodolpho Bastos, the implementation of the seed collection area in the Iriri State Forest “is fundamental for the conservation of forest species of significant value, as these areas will provide seeds and seedlings for forest nurseries that will subsidize the recovery of degraded and altered areas and thus contribute with other instruments of environmental regularization”.
According to Fernanda Martins, manager of the unit, “the action was important for strengthening the bond between Ideflor-Bio and other institutions present in the action towards the communities, in which we are committed to bringing sustainable alternatives to improve the quality of life. of the people who live there and for the environmental conservation of these areas”.
For Simone Gurgel, who together with Dário Amaral and Carlos Silva was part of the team of researchers from the Emílio Goeldi Museum who participated in the expedition, “the first step towards the systemic acquisition of propagules, aiming at the recovery of areas whose ecosystems have been altered, is the planning to determine the Seed Collection Areas (ACS), important for obtaining quality propagules”.
The establishment of an ACS begins with prospecting to determine the location of the matrices (seed carriers) of forest species, which occur in the target ecosystem of the recovery project. After the identification and georeferencing of the matrices, they become the object of phenological monitoring, aiming at the collection of seeds.
meetings – The next stages of the Project involve meetings between the agencies involved regarding the information collected, which will support discussions of conservationist and sustainable strategies that contribute to obtaining an improvement in the quality of life of local families and the maintenance of the forest “standing”. The next stage of the project should be carried out in the first half of 2022, continuing the execution of activities.
COP26 – During the United Nations Convention (COP26), in Glasgow, Scotland, at the end of 2021, the Deputy Secretary for Environmental Management and Regularity at Semas, Rodolpho Bastos, was one of the panelists of the Sustainable Landscapes of the Amazon Project. On the occasion, he highlighted the support of the Sustainable Landscapes of the Amazon project. At the event, the actions of state agencies that work in an integrated manner in the Triunfo do Xingu APA Project were presented: Semas, Ideflor-Bio, Emater and Instituto de Terras do Pará (Iterpa).