Sowing companies invest in technology and professionalization and benefit soybean farmers

During the off-season, the soybean producer always asks himself: which seed to use in the next cycle? Such a decision directly impacts the cultivation process. After all, it is necessary to be aware if the variety to be chosen will adapt to soil and climate conditions and if it will have the potential to increase the productivity of the crop.

The vice president of Brazilian Association of Soybean Seed Producers (Abrass)André Schwening, emphasizes that many attributes help to define the quality of a cultivar, such as genetic potential and biotechnology itself, all the result of years of experimentation so that the final producer has access to the best possible material.

According to him, although the entity is not against the saved seed, produced within the limits established by the law, the pirate is the result of attention and needs to be fought. “When the farmer chooses a pirated seed, or even saves it, he does not remunerate the work of the sower, especially the research, the genetics that produced these materials and which, in our opinion, is the great factor in increasing the productivity of the last few years. years old”.

According to Schwening, in recent years there has been a leap in the professionalization of the sector, which has encompassed regional companies, which are mostly family-owned, as well as the others. “[Isso aconteceu] first because of the farmer’s demand for higher quality seed and, secondly, because of all the attributes of the seed, which guarantee more profitability and productivity to the farmer and, therefore, bring more cost. As the cost of the input increases, the responsibility to offer something with an increasingly better quality also increases”, he explains.

Photo: Reproduction Canal Rural

The Abrass representative points out that the seed multiplier acts as a great filter for new technologies, for new cultivars that reach the market. “He fine-tunes, understanding the population, the timing of planting, the best region, the type of soil. This is essential work and we seek to bring this kind of awareness to the farmer […]. One of the points that concerns us the most and that has an impact on legislation and also on the business itself is the issue of using certified seeds,” he says.

seed genotype

The agronomist and doctor in seed technology, Ricardo Bagateli, emphasizes that choosing the genotype of the seed, the partner that will supply it and using it correctly are the first actions that the producer must pay attention to. “It is necessary to be careful in receiving and storing this seed on the property and in the treatment, if done on the property, as well as in good sowing practices, that is, planting at the right time, with humidity [de solo] correct because it is necessary to establish a very particular population of plants of each genotype for each management zone within our property at the chosen sowing times”, he says.

The specialist also states that it is essential for the producer to pay attention to the certificate of analysis and the germination and vigor reports sent by the seed companies. “Stamina must always be associated with the type of test that was applied. It is important that, if we do not receive the vigor report, we sample the lots received on the property and send them to a reliable laboratory or carry out site tests, called São Tomé tests, where we can see the performance of the seed side by side” , explains.

National Planting Opening

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According to him, this is a very important tool for decision making because one or two more or less seeds will impact production costs, competition between plants or the lack of population of a genotype that depends on more plants to produce. . “It is necessary to be assertive at this moment because sowing defines the potential of the crop”.

After the seed has been planted and established, Bagateli says that the farmer needs to have metrics to assess how his sowing went. “See the performance of laboratory tests, decision making, machine adjustment, depth, speed. In the emergency, already make a metric, defining the successes and errors for the next harvests”, he lists.

The doctor in seed technology also points out that the farmer needs to understand that, no matter how good the treatment of the input, the process has an established shelf life. “We need to monitor pests and diseases very closely, in locomonitoring the development of plants in case we have to make any intervention, thinking about controlling insects or some fungus very quickly so as not to lose plants”, he concludes.

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