In allusion to the National Day of the Caatinga, celebrated on April 28, the Environment Commission (CMA) will debate the socio-economic potential of the biome. The request for a hearing, by the president of the collegiate, Senator Jaques Wagner (PT-BA), was approved this Wednesday (6). The meeting date is yet to be scheduled.
Researchers such as the professor at the Federal University of Pernambuco (UFPE) Márcia Vanusa da Silva, the regional coordinator of the Sustainable Rural Caatinga Project, Araripe Foundation, Francisco Carneiro Barreto Campello, and representatives of the Center for Assistance and Support to Workers and Alternative Non-Governmental Institutions – Caatinga.
Wagner argues that the Caatinga occupies more than 10% of the Brazilian territory and is home to about 27 million Brazilians, in 9 states: Ceará, Rio Grande do Norte, Paraíba, Pernambuco, Sergipe, Alagoas, Bahia, south and east of Piauí and a small portion north of Minas Gerais. The biome feeds and supplies thousands of families and has the potential to generate renewable energy, in the search for water security through experiences to capture and reuse water in the semi-arid region, in addition to the bias towards ecotourism, says the senator.
The parliamentarian adds that deforestation in the biome increased 405% in 2020 compared to 2019, with more than 60,000 hectares deforested. Bahia, according to him, was the state with the greatest loss, with 32,956 hectares deforested. These are some points that deserve to be discussed, “with a view to bringing a new look at the region”, which moves from a focus on scarcity to a perception of the abundance of the biome, points out the president of the CMA.
At the opening of the CMA meeting this Wednesday, Jaques Wagner expressed concern about the third report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) of the United Nations, released on Monday (4). The document states that, in the last ten years, the world has had the highest growth in greenhouse gas emissions: 59 billion tons by 2019, 12% more than in 2010. If there is continuity, according to the report, the Earth will have warming of 3.2ºC, more than double the limit set in the Paris Agreement.
— I insist that we need to work on raising awareness and for a government position on deforestation and water conservation. I draw attention to the fact that the matter is extremely dramatic, harsh and shows where we are heading with this foolishness on the environmental issue – warned the parliamentarian.
Agência Senado (Reproduction authorized by reference to Agência Senado)