The technology area is considered one of the most dynamic in the world and has been paying increasing salaries. The need for new professionals is so great that companies in the sector are accepting even those who do not yet have market experience.
This has led to an increase in demand for technical, vocational and IT courses, by people who want to take advantage of the sector’s boom. Getting a job in technology, however, may not be so simple, and requires some planning from beginners, who must be aware of market news and requirements made by companies.
With that in mind, here are some tips to get your career off to a good start in the digital universe, with the specific areas that are most heated, the most suitable courses, how to get to the vacancies and, of course, how to be admitted.
IT Employment: Where to start?
First, it is necessary to understand which field within the technological universe will be followed, since the options are many. Currently, those that stand out the most, both in terms of vacancies and in terms of salaries, are:
- Data Science: Whether as a scientist, analyst or data engineer, in this field the professional will have to deal with data that will be used by machines (machine learning) or statistical programs, with a view to improving the performance of companies and public bodies, in particular.
- Software development: As the name implies, in this field, beginners should develop software, ranging from databases to pages visited by users. A specific niche that has been growing a lot is the development of mobile software, mainly smartphone apps.
- IT infrastructure: Professionals in this field are responsible for the maintenance of equipment and systems used by companies and public bodies.
- Information security: this is where the security of websites, apps and other systems is taken care of, through tools such as encryption, firewall, and antivirus.
- Artificial intelligence: Another area with a lot of growth, AI promises to radically change the way we deal with machines on a daily basis, being also capable of enhancing the performance of companies.
What courses are recommended?
Contrary to what many people think, having a degree is no longer mandatory to get a good job, and this is especially true in the area of technology. Companies have been hiring young people who have only technical and vocational courses, as long as they prove the knowledge necessary for the vacancies.
Still, some degrees, such as Computer science, Systems Analysis and other more specific ones, such as those aimed at Data Scienceare still demanded or, at least, highly valued by the market.
As for the professional coursesthose that teach the main tools that the professional will use on a daily basis are recommended: programming languages (Java, Python, C++ and others), databases, programming logic, data analysis, security protocols, among others.
Beginners should also seek to improve their knowledge of other languages, especially English. This knowledge, in addition to being very useful in the routine of the IT professional, also opens the door to companies abroad, which hire more and more Brazilians, with salaries higher than those paid here.
Where to look for vacancies?
Today, IT professionals can work in a very wide variety of companies. When looking for a job, therefore, do not restrict yourself only to technology companies.
In addition to looking on recruitment sites and on the websites of the brands themselves, it is recommended to look for ads on social networks, especially on Linkedin. The tip, in this case, is to perfect your profile on the social network.
As mentioned above, it is also possible to get a job in companies outside Brazil, including working from home. Therefore, also include in your searches the name of the vacancies in English.
Build your portfolio
Beginners in any field find it difficult to demonstrate that they are qualified for job openings due to lack of experience. Those in the IT area can get around this by putting together a portfolio with already developed projects, which demonstrate mastery of the most requested skills.
Among the platforms to build your portfolio, those aimed especially at programmers and data analysts, such as Github, Sourceforge, Developers and Kaggle, and platforms that present their portfolio in a visually pleasing way, such as Behance, Carbonmade and Medium, stand out.