Reducing climate change and its impacts may seem like a big challenge that requires drastic changes in society. However, small attitudes can already generate a valuable contribution to preserve nature and natural resources.
In a world of more than seven billion people, the result of individual actions may not seem significant, but the same action taken by a large number of individuals can reach huge proportions.
How to preserve nature?
We’ve come up with some tips that you can incorporate into your daily life to help preserve the planet. Of course, people from different backgrounds can contribute in different ways. Even if you don’t apply all of them all the time, any contribution counts. In addition, taking these attitudes can also influence people around you to act in the same way.
On the other hand, many of these tips also reflect positively on our pocket: in addition to helping the planet, they also help to save some of the money spent on bills.
Save water and energy
Water is a precious resource that may be increasingly lacking due to climate change. Reducing your waste is therefore critical. Some initiatives that help save this resource include:
- Take shorter showers;
- Do not use a hose to wash the car, the sidewalk or water the plants;
- Use the washing machine only when it is completely full;
- Reuse water when possible.
Electric energy savings also help in this regard, after all, the main source of energy in Brazil are hydroelectric plants. Some tips in this regard are:
- Use LED lamps, more economical and lasting;
- Enjoy the hours of natural lighting and turn off the lights you are not using;
- Avoid leaving appliances on stand-by, unplug them when possible;
- Look to buy appliances with energy efficiency labels.
The whole way in which we produce waste can be rethought. A very famous sustainability concept is the Three R’s: reduce, reuse and recycle. These three actions help to reduce the resources extracted from nature and also the volume that is destined for landfills.
- Reduce: first of all, if it is possible to avoid the production of waste, this is the best option. This includes using cloth bags instead of disposable ones in supermarkets, for example. Another point is the reduction of unnecessary consumption: before a purchase, think about whether you really need a new sneaker, cell phone, etc.
- Reuse: Several items can be reused after fulfilling their main use. This includes miscellaneous containers and bottles, for example. Used clothes in good condition can also be donated or bought and sold.
- Recycle: if something has been purchased and cannot be used, there is still the option to recycle. Several materials can be reinserted into your production chain, reducing the need for new resources. Separating recyclable from non-recyclable waste is an important point for selective collection: in addition to facilitating the work of recycling companies, certain materials lose their recycling potential if they are “contaminated” by organic waste.
Some items, such as batteries or medicines, need to be disposed of in a particular way. Look for the appropriate places in your city to dispose of this type of waste.
The way we eat also affects the environment. Firstly, it is also possible to avoid waste, whether it is time to put food on the plate or when shopping.
A habit that you can adopt is to substitute meat some day of the week, as many places do meatless Monday, or even just at one meal. The production of this resource requires a lot of water and energy and reducing its consumption also has health benefits. It is not even necessary to go fully vegan or vegetarian to help the planet in this regard.
Means of transport
This tip applies mainly to those who live in large urban centers and have public transport infrastructure available. Choose public transport over individual motorized transport whenever possible.
In addition to no longer emitting pollutants in your own car, fewer cars on the road also generate less congestion and less traffic pollution as a whole.
Public transport is an option, but you can also consider the option of active mobility: walking, cycling, skateboarding or other non-motorized means can be viable, cheap and healthy options, especially for short trips.